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Friday, July 17, 2020 | History

2 edition of Host location in stomoxys calcitrans (L), (the stable fly). found in the catalog.

Host location in stomoxys calcitrans (L), (the stable fly).

Heather Margaret Bidgood

Host location in stomoxys calcitrans (L), (the stable fly).

by Heather Margaret Bidgood

  • 35 Want to read
  • 15 Currently reading

Published by University of Birmingham in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D)-University of Birmingham, dept of zoology and comparative Physiology.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13738158M

de Castro BG et al () Occurrence of Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli in Stomoxys calcitrans. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet – CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Johnson G et al () Detection of West Nile virus in stable flies.   1. Introduction. The only species of the genus that occurs in America, Stomoxys calcitrans is a Dipteran insect known as stable fly. Males and females of this hematophagous organism feed on mammals' blood, mainly equine and bovine in the breeding environment (Guimarães, ).As a consequence of the absence of anesthetic components in the saliva of S. calcitrans.

The attraction of three Stomoxys species to 26 fruits and 26 flowers of different plant species was investigated in two different sites in Mali during Stomoxys niger bilineatus Grunberg (Diptera: Muscidae) was attracted to a wider spectrum of species, significantly attracted by four fruits and eight flowers compared with control traps, whereas S. sitiens Rondani (Diptera: . House flies, (Musca domestica L.) and stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans L.) are common pests on equine facilities. Biological control of these flies with pupal parasitoids has become increasingly popular with horse owners but has not been evaluated on equine facilities. Little is known of the substrate preferences of filth fly parasitoids on equine facilities, but the success of release.

In this study, the HHSP was tested using the haematophagous stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae). Using no‐choice and two‐choice tests, the study first sought to demonstrate whether S. calcitrans larvae recognise their rearing substrate. 2. The feeding flies have a bimodal diurnal pattern of feeding, locating hosts by responding to carbon dioxide and octenol. Individual Stomoxys calcitrans may feed more than once a day, bitting their host low down. They attack the ankles of humans, and the belly, lower body and limbs of domestic stock, particularly cattle and horses.


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Host location in stomoxys calcitrans (L), (the stable fly) by Heather Margaret Bidgood Download PDF EPUB FB2

Although the movement of stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), has been studied, its extent and significance has been uncertain. On a local scale (host animals and resting sites to feed and mate, mainly at on-farm locations where herbivorous livestock regularly by: 9.

Responses of the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae), to carbon dioxide and host odours.

Orientation - Volume 75 Issue 4 - M. Warnes, L. FinlaysonCited by: Host location behavior of Stomoxys calcitrans Article in Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 16(2) - April with 10 Reads How we measure 'reads'. House flies, (Musca domestica L.) and stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans L.) are common pests on equine ical control of these flies with pupal parasitoids has become increasingly popular with horse owners but has not been evaluated on equine by: 7.

1. Introduction. The genus Stomoxys (Diptera: Muscidae) contains 18 described species [].They are obligate blood-sucking insects and some species are considered significant economic pests of livestock and other warm-blooded animals in many parts of the world [].Stomoxys calcitrans is a cosmopolitan species.

In addition to S. calcitrans, several other. 1. Introduction. Biological control of house flies, (Musca domestica L.), and stable flies, (Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), using pupal parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) has been used in a variety of confined livestock facilities for many parasitoids used in augmentative control programs for filth flies is an alternative to chemical management and use.

Warnes, M.L. & Finlayson, L.H. () Effect of host behaviour on host preference in Stomoxys calcitrans. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 1, 53 – Zollner, G.E. () Blowing in the wind: the responses of tsetse and blood-sucking flies to odour plumes from animal hosts. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich, UK.

de Castro BG et al () Occurrence of Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli in Stomoxys calcitrans. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet – PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Johnson G et al () Detection of West Nile virus in stable flies. Stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans, is a biting fly that can cause severe irritation to livestock resulting in reduced productivity.

The most common method of monitoring S. calcitrans is through the use of sticky traps and many designs have been developed using different colours and materials such as alsynite fibreglass and polypropylene sheeting.

for Stomoxys calcitrans: Conops calcitrans Linnaeus, Musca occidentalis Walker, Stomoxis dira Robineau-Desvoidy, Stomoxis inimica Robineau-Desvoidy, Stomoxys cybira Walker, Stomoxys parasita Fabricius, Distribution There are 18 known species in the genus Stomoxys.

Of these 18 species Stomoxys calcitrans is the only. Theileria DNA is detectable in stable flies, in the case of T. orientalis at least for two hours after blood-feeding, and in the case of T.

capreoli also in the absence of infected hosts (i.e. roe deer). Male flies rather than females, and thoracic-abdominal (most likely crop) contents rather than m. The efficacy of the pupal parasitoid Spalangia cameroni Perkins as a biological control agent was tested against house flies Musca domestica Linnaeus and stable flies Stomoxys calcitrans (Linnaeus) in one dairy cattle and two pig installations in Denmark.

Weekly releases of S. cameroni from April through to September–October and resulted in significant. Adams JR, Forgash AJ. The location of the contact chemoreceptors of the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae) Ann Entomol Soc Am.

; – Adams JR, Holbert PE, Forgash AJ. Electron microscopy of the contact chemoreceptors of the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae) Ann Entomol Soc Am. ; – The least host specific vertebrate blood sucker should be an insect documented to feed on any available vertebrate host.

Greenberg () discussed Glossina spp. as vectors of trypanosomes, having bimodal flight activity, etc., but did not attempt to categorize tsetse fly hosts in the same way as he did for Stomoxys calcitrans and other flies.

Stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae), is a cosmopolitan haematophagous fly that frequently attacks livestock in farmyards. The three larval instars develop in decaying organic matter and adults blood-feed on a wide variety of mammalian hosts but predominantly cattle, horses, and dogs.

Stomoxys calcitrans is a daytime feeder. The adults of both sexes feed on blood. There is low host specificity; although they feed mainly on the blood of cattle and horses. Adults locate a host by sight, and feeding is usually completed in two to five minutes. After feeding the stable fly is sluggish, and remains motionless near the host.

The stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) is a cosmopolitan biting fly of both economic and welfare concern, primarily as a result of its painful bite, which can cause blood loss, discomfort and loss of productivity in livestock.

The stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans, is a muscoid fly species (Diptera: Muscidae) with a worldwide distribution and increasingly recognized veterinary and medical significance [].Although stable flies attack a wide range of domestic and wild animals (including rats, guinea pigs, rabbits, monkeys, dogs, horses, camels, goats and pelicans), as well as humans, cattle are their main hosts [].

Stable flies, Stomoxys calcitrans L. (Diptera: Muscidae), are economically important biting flies that have caused billions of dollars in losses in the livestock industry. Field monitoring studies have indicated that olfaction plays an important role in host location.

To further our understanding of stable fly olfaction, we examined the antennal morphology of adults using. The stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (Linnaeus), and the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus), were utilized to determine their capability to transmit Eperythrozoon suis Splitter between swine.

Three groups of each insect in each trial were allowed to feed on a pig previously infected with E. suis and then transferred to susceptible splenectomized pigs. Stomoxys calcitrans, or the stable fly, is of particular importance to cattle and horses, but also to dogs and humans.

Stable flies are the most common blood-feeding fly around farm animals and the females lay their eggs in moist, decaying organic material, such as piles of lawn clippings, damp hay, grain or animal manure [ 1, 3 ].attempt to categorize tsetse fly hosts in the same way as he did for Stomoxys calcitrans and other flies.

G. palpalis is probably least specialized in host selectivity as there is no limit documented for vertebrate species that it can feed on (Weitz & Glasgow ; Jordan et al.; Weitz ). This tsetse fly generally feeds while inside.In Veterinary Medicine (Eleventh Edition), Stable Flies (Stomoxys calcitrans)Etiology.

The stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans, has a cosmopolitan species, including Stomoxys nigra, occur in South Africa.S. calcitrans is a moderate-sized, gray to black fly about the size of a housefly. These are the most economically important species of fly affecting .